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Thursday, October 6, 2022
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Headache

It’s normal for people to suffer from headaches at some point in their life. It is common to describe pain in the head or face as a “headache”. Pulsing, continuous, harsh or bland are all possible ways to describe this sensation. Medications, stress management, and neurofeedback are all options for treating headaches.

Anatomical location

Headaches are caused by the nerves, arteries, and muscles surrounding a human’s head and neck. In many cases, the tissues or organs within the body grow, constrict, or suffer other changes that benefit or burden the nerves in the immediate vicinity.

  • In front of the temples
  • Cheeks on the Forehead
  • “Hair band” region at the crown of your head
  • In front of both eyes

Types

There is nothing more debilitating than the throbbing, excruciating, and distracting discomfort of a headache. There are numerous types of headaches;

  1. Primary headaches

A primary headache is one in which the headache is itself the underlying issue. None of the above choices are correct. The discomfort of primary headaches can just be debilitating, yet the headaches are not life-threatening. Because the brain is unable to perceive pain, the inflammation of pain-sensitive tissues in and around the neck and head, such as nerves, blood vessels, and muscles, is what causes the discomfort associated with primary headache.

  • Tension headaches

After migraine, tension-type headaches are the second most prevalent type of headache. A “hatband” headache gets its name from the fact that it is painful around the back, temple, and forehead of the head, as though a tight hat were on your head. At first, they feel like a pounding, but they can persist for hours or even days. It is possible for migraine and tension-type headaches to coexist, and for one to alter or induce the other.

  • Migraine headaches

Migraine is now the most frequent type of headache, although it is not the only type. To describe a persistent, severe headache that is mostly (but not exclusively) located just on side of the head, the word “migraine” has been used. Headaches can last anywhere from two to 72 hours, and they’re commonly accompanied by nausea or vomiting, as well as an overabundance of sensitivity to light and sound. The ache is usually characterized as a throbbing one.

  • Cluster headaches

A cluster headache is also not simply a group of headaches that come together in a cluster, contrary to popular assumption. A cluster headache is now a form of headache that lasts between 20 minutes to two hours, making it shorter-lived than a migraine. Irritability, a runny nose, and other symptoms are common on one side of the face with this condition.

2. Secondary headaches

The term “secondary headache” refers to a headache that develops as a result of an infection or structural issue in the head or neck. Pain from infected teeth or a sore throat to life-threatening illnesses such as bleeding in the brain or infections like encephalitis or meningitis are all included in this large category of medical problems. Post-concussion headaches are included in this group of traumatic headaches.

3. Cranial neuralgias headaches

Neuralgia is the medical term for discomfort in the nerves. Inflammation of one of the brain’s 12 cranial nerves, which govern the muscles and transmit sensory messages (such as pain) to or from the head and neck, is referred to as “cranial neuralgia.” For example, trigeminal neuropathy, which affects the trigeminal nerve, which serves the face and can produce extreme facial pain when irritating or inflamed, may be the most well-known example of this condition.

Causes

  • Alcohol abuse.
  • Changes in sleep and food patterns.
  • Family and work-related stressors.
  • Misuse of medication.
  • Eye, neck, and back pain can result from a lack of proper posture.

Symptoms

Tongue, forehead, or nose tingling. The pain increases with strain or rapid head movement. In addition to nose drainage and ear fullness, sinusitis causes headache, temperature, and facial puffiness. Get medical help if you or your child has any of the symptoms listed: An unwelcome headache. Anxiety, depression, or a combination of these symptoms. Pins and needles Muscle spasms, speech difficulties, mental disorientation, seizures, inappropriate behavior, and vision changes. A strong headache, fever, breathing difficulties, and stiff neck. Nighttime headaches with nausea and vomiting. Symptoms of a traumatic brain injury, such as headaches

Diagnosis

In addition to reviewing your medical history, doctors may employ cutting-edge diagnostic methods to pinpoint the source of your headaches. These tests are particularly useful in identifying the source of recurring headaches. A few examples include; MRI, CT scan, digital subtraction angiogram, a nonsurgical test that utilizes X-rays and iodine contrast to make images of brain blood arteries, and spinal tap can all be used to evaluate whether there is bleeding in the brain or whether a bacterial or fungal infections is present.

Precautions and treatment

Preventing headaches is as simple as avoiding the things that cause them in the first place. This, however, takes precise forethought. To begin, you must determine what causes your headaches and keep track of their characteristics, such as frequency, duration, and severity, as well as the circumstances in which they occur.

  • Setting regular bedtimes and wake-up times.
  • The ability to keep track of the what you eat and drink.
  • There are several ways to deal with stress.
  • Consistently working out.
  • Making well-informed choices concerning the sports in which one will participate.
  • Preventing eye fatigue.
  • It is important to keep good body mechanics.
  • Avoiding odors and fumes.

Treatment

Whenever it comes to preventing headaches, medicines and other treatments can be helpful, but they aren’t the only choice. It’s also possible that altering your daily routine to reduce stress or avoid stressors will be effective. To avoid headaches, use these techniques. It is possible to treat most tension type headaches using over-the-counter medications like the ones listed below.

  • Aspirin
  • Ibuprofen
  • Acetaminophen

To treat chronic tension headaches, tricyclic antidepressants may be prescribed on a regular basis. It is possible that alternative stress-reduction methods could be useful. In that order:

  • Acupuncture
  • Cognitive behavior therapy
  • Biofeedback
  • massage dealing

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